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The beginning of Holy Week is Palm Sunday, the Sunday before Passover, and commemorates when Jesus rod into Jerusalem on a donkey. The Jews waved Palm branches and exclaimed: "Hosanna to the Son of David! Blessed is he who comes in the name of the Lord! "Hosanna in the highest heaven!"
On Palm Sunday, Jesus and His disciples spent the night in Bethany, a town about two miles east of Jerusalem. This is where Lazarus whom Jesus had raised from the dead, and his two sisters, Mary and Martha lived. They were close friends of Jesus, and probably hosted Him and His disciples during their final days in Jerusalem.
The following morning, Jesus returned with his disciples to Jerusalem. Along the way, he cursed a fig tree because it had failed to bear fruit. Some scholars believe this cursing of the fig tree represented God's judgement on the spiritually dead religious leaders of Israel.
When Jesus arrived at the Temple, He found the courts full of corrupt money changers. He began overturning their tables and clearing the Temple, saying "The Scriptures declare, 'My Temple will be a house of prayer', but you have turned it into a den of thieves"
On Monday evening Jesus stayed in Bethany again, probably in the home of His friends, Mary, Martha and Lazarus.
On Tuesday morning Jesus and His disciples returned to Jerusalem. They passed the withered fig tree on their way, and Jesus spoke to his companions about the importance of faith.
Back at the Temple, religious leaders were upset with Jesus for establishing himself as a spiritual authority. They organised an ambush with the intend to place him under arrest. But Jesus evaded their traps and pronounced harsh judgement on them.
Later that afternoon, Jesus left the city and went with his disciples to the Mount of Olives, which sits due east of the Temple and overlooks Jerusalem. Here Jesus gave the Olivet Discourse, an elaborate prophecy about the destruction of Jerusalem and the end of age. He speaks in parables, using symbolic language about the end times events, including His Second Coming and the final judgement.
It is also indicated in Scriptures that Judas negotiated with Sanhedrin to betray Jesus.
After a tiring day of confrontation and warning about the future, once again, Jesus and His disciples returned to Bethany to stay the night.
The word means exactly what we think it means, it's a references to Judas' action in Matthew 26:14-16.
"Then went one of the twelve who was called Judas Iscariot who was called to the chief priests, and said to them: what will you give me, and I will deliver him unto you? But they appointed him 30 pieces of silver, and from thenceforth he sought opportunity to betray Him"
The beginning of Matthew 26 seems to place that event two days before Good Friday thus a spy entered the midst of the disciples on the Wednesday of Holy Week when Judas resolved to betray our Lord for 30 pieces of silver.
From Bethany, Jesus sent Peter and John ahead to the Upper Room in Jerusalem to make the preparations for the Passover Feast. That evening after sunset, Jesus washed the feet of His disciples as they prepared to share in the Passover.
By performing this humble act of service, Jesus demonstrated by example how believers should love one another.
Today, many churches practice foot-washing ceremonies as a part of their Maundy Thursday services.
Then Jesus shared the feast of Passover with his disciples.
As the Lamb of God, Jesus was about to fulfil the meaning of Passover by giving his body to be broken and his blood to be shed in sacrifice, freeing us from sin and death. This is how Communion was brought about as Jesus instructed his followers to continually remember his sacrifice by sharing the elements of bread and wine.
Later Jesus and the disciples left the Upper Room and went to the Garden of Gethsemane, where Jesus prayed in agony to God the Father.
Later that evening in Gethsemane Jesus was betrayed with a kiss by Judas and arrested by the Sanhedrin. He was taken to the home of Caiaphas, the High Priest, where the whole council had gathered to begin making their case against Jesus.
Meanwhile, in the early hours on the morning, as Jesus' trial was taking place, Peter denied knowing his Master three times before the rooster crowed.
According to the Scriptures, Judas felt so overcome with remorse that he hung himself in early hours of Friday Morning.
Meanwhile, on the third hour, Jesus endured the shame of false accusations, condemnation, mockery, beating and abandonment. After multiple unlawful trials, he was sentenced to death by crucifixion one of the most horrible and disgraceful methods of capital punishment known at the time.
Before Christ was led away, soldiers spit on Him, tormented and mocked Him and pierced Him with a crown of thorns. Then Jesus carried his own cross to Calvary where, again He was mocked and insulted as Roman soldiers nailed Him to the wooden cross.
Jesus spoke several final statements from the cross. His first words were "Father, forgive them, for they do not know what they are doing". His last words were "Father, into your hand I commit my spirit".
Then about the ninth hour, Jesus breathed his last breath and died.
In the twelfth hour, Nicodemus and Joseph of Arimathea took Jesus' body from the cross and lay it in a tomb.
Jesus' body lay in its tomb where it was guarded by Roman soldiers throughout the day on Saturday, which was Sabbath. When Sabbath ended, Christ's body was ceremonially treated for burial with spices purchased by Nicodemus. Both Nicodemus and Arimathea were members of Sanhedrin, the court that condemned Jesus to death. For a time both men had lived as secret followers of Jesus, afraid to make a public profession of faith because of their prominent positions in the Jewish community. However, because they were both deeply affected by His death they came out of hiding, risking their reputations and their lives because they came to realise that Jesus was, indeed the long awaited Messiah. Together they cared for Jesus' both and prepared it for burial.
While His physical body lay in the tomb, Jesus paid the penalty for sin by offering the perfect, spotless sacrifice. He conquered death both spiritually and physically, securing our eternal salvation.
On Resurrection Sunday, we reach the culmination of Holy Week. The resurrection of Jesus Christ is the most important even in Christian faith. The very foundation of all Christian doctrine hinges on the truth of this account.
Early Sunday morning, several women (Mary Magdalene, Joanna, Salome, and Mary the mother of James) went to the tomb and discovered that the large stone covering the entrance had been rolled away. An angel announced:
"Don't be afraid! I know you are looking for Jesus, who was crucified. He isn't here! He is risen from the dead, just as He said He would."
On the day of his resurrection, Jesus Christ made at least five appearances. The first person to see Him was Mary Magdalene, Jesus also appeared to Peter, to the two disciples on the road to Emmaus, and later that day to all of the disciples except Thomas, while they were gathered in a house for prayer.
The eye witness accounts in the Gospels provide what Christians believe to be undeniable evidence that the resurrection of Jesus Christ did indeed happen.
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